Issue 15 September 2020

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Have you heard of Lang & Sons?

This newly restored .410 has an interesting history.

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Guns & Gunmakers|September 2020

I bought the gun seven years ago from a retired gamekeeper. It was supposed to be a 28-bore. It isn’t.

He told me he sent a friend ‘down south’ to buy it when it was advertised in Shooting Times thirty years earlier. His friend brought it back. Then they discovered a 28-bore cartridge didn’t fit. It was too big. A .410 cartridge didn’t fit either. That was too big as well.

A pretty little hammer gun with 28

Without any ammunition to feed it, the gun just sat in a cabinet until I was presented with it. I bought it, telling myself I’d work something out. Well, today it came back from the proof house ready to be used again.

The gamble was to bore-out the chambers to three-inch .410, then submit it for re-proof (after lapping out some pits). Thankfully, it passed and now we have a serviceable shotgun again; actually, quite a desirable one. I never did work out the original calibre as it was not stamped on the barrels and nothing I had as reference fitted the chambers. I suspect it was a .360. these were made in small quantities as overseas ‘collector’s guns’ for the shooting of taxidermy specimens, with tiny shot.

Happy as I now am to have a neat little .410 of five pounds in weight, with twenty-eight inch barrels and a fourteen-inch stock, the mystery over the calibre it started life as was not the only one surrounding the gun.

New proof marks for 3

The neatly engraved back-locks are non-rebounding and engraved ‘Lang & Sons’. The rib is engraved ‘Lang & Sons, 22 Cockspur Street, London’. There is nothing immediately strange about that. Lang is a well known London name and 22 Cockspur Street was indeed his trading address from 1852 until 1874. The company name changed to Joseph Lang & Son in 1875 and moved to 10, Pall Mall in 1890.

At no time can I find any reference to the company trading as ‘Lang & Sons’, though Joseph Lang did have two sons; Joseph and James who were involved in the company. There were several cross-overs with James setting up his own business, which was later reabsorbed into the parent company, and a merger with H.J. Hussey’s business, temporarily creating Lang & Hussey.

The rib showing teh Lang & Sons name with the 22 Cockspur Street address of Joseph Lang.

Somehow, amidst this mess of family business relationships, this gun was made with ‘Lang & Sons’ on the locks and rib. It has no serial number. The quality is high, certainly fitting the quality of Lang’s output of the time. I’d estimate the date to be around 1870, as the non rebounding locks were already somewhat obsolete by then and the Jones under-lever was a popular action during this period.

Stripping the gun, the quality and condition of the locks was proved to be remarkable, as was the inletting and the soundness of the wood under the locks. I very much doubt the gun has been apart since it was made.

The little Lang has nice lines, neat borders to the chequer and a wedge forend fastener. Barrels are blacked, but I suspect they are Damascus. We will strip off the blacking and see how the barrels respond to a brownings solution. I hope they do respond; if nicely patterned Damascus emerges, the gun will look so much prettier.

The bar showing Jones screw-grip and London 'View' mark.

So, having got it back into service, the gun is confusing. It was not originally a .410. Now it is. It carries a maker’s name and address that appears in no records, yet is no cheap copy passing-off. What are we to make of it?

My approach is simply to appreciate it for what it is. A mid-Victorian small bore hammer gun of nice quality in good condition and of pleasing proportions. My guess is that it will find a new home in America, where they appreciate these little ‘wands’ as they call them. Quail are the quarry of choice and a well-balanced little .410 with the ability to push 3” loads if necessary will be just the ticket for someone.

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Guns & Gunmakers|September 2020

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